why did the puritans come to america
why did the puritans come to america
The third stage was sanctification, the ability to live a holy life out of gladness toward God. , For church offices, Puritans imitated the model developed in Calvinist Geneva.  Hutchinson received a church trial in March 1638 in which the Boston congregation switched sides and unanimously voted for Hutchinson's ex-communication. Increasingly, many Puritans concluded that they had no choice but to emigrate. Like most of the clergy in Massachusetts, Wilson taught preparationism, the belief that human actions were "a means of preparation for God’s grant of saving grace and ... evidence of sanctification. The arrival of the Puritans and the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the 1630s, however, increased the competition for beaver pelts and cut into the Pilgrims’ bottom line. However, the Great Migration of Puritans was relatively short-lived and not as large as is often believed. In March 1629, it succeeded in obtaining from King Charles a royal charter for the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Central to this argument is the views of John Robinson, the Pilgrims' first pastor, who wrote in a 1625 treatise "Of Children and Their Education", "And surely there is in all children, though not alike, a stubbornness, and stoutness of mind arising from natural pride, which must, in the first place, be broken and beaten down. While they were driven from England because of their religious beliefs, they failed to advocate freedom of worship for others. They fled to escape persecution from the Church of England as well as from the ruling class. For instance, diverse perspectives involving the witch trials have been argued involving gender, race, economics, religion, and the social oppression that Puritans lived through that explain in a more in-depth way how Puritanism contributed to the trials and executions. Most Puritans were "non-separating Puritans", meaning that they did not advocate setting up separate congregations distinct from the Church of England; these were later called "Nonconformists". Looking to the future as they grew older in a hard land and with concern for the continuation of their group and an opportunity for bringing the gospel and advancing the kingdom of Christ in a new part of the world, the Pilgrims resolved to leave Leiden for America. In the early 17th century, thousands of English Puritans colonized North America, mainly in New England.  While denouncing the Puritan clergy as Arminians, Hutchinson maintained "that assurance of salvation was conveyed not by action but by an essentially mystical experience of grace—an inward conviction of the coming of the Spirit to the individual that bore no relationship to moral conduct. The Pilgrims originated as a dissenting congregation in Scrooby led by Richard Clyfton, John Robinson and William Brewster.  The process of conversion was described in different ways, but most ministers agreed that there were three essential stages. , Puritans did not celebrate traditional holidays such as Christmas, Easter, or May Day. , Tensions continued to increase in the Boston church between Wilson and Hutchinson's followers, who formed a majority of the members.  Within this worldview, it was the government's responsibility to enforce moral standards and ensure true religious worship was established and maintained.  When dealing with unorthodox persons, Puritans believed that the church, as a spiritual organization, was limited to "attempting to persuade the individual of his error, to warn him of the dangers he faced if he publicly persisted in it, and—as a last resort—to expel him from the spiritual society by ex-communication. , The Puritans did not come to America to establish a theocracy, but neither did they institute religious freedom. , According to historian Bruce C. Daniels, the Puritans were "[o]ne of the most literate groups in the early modern world", with about 60 percent of New England able to read. Some Puritans also migrated to colonies in Central America and the Caribbean, see Providence Island Company, Mosquito Coast and Providencia Island. In fact, many Puritans returned to England during the war. By the time of the American Revolution, there were 40 newspapers in the United States (at a time when there were only two cities – New York and Philadelphia – with as many as 20,000 people in them). ", For Puritans, the family was the "locus of spiritual and civic development and protection", and marriage was the foundation of the family and, therefore, society. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! Unwilling to do so, the government issued orders for his immediate return to England in January 1636, but John Winthrop warned Williams, allowing him to escape. Members' children were considered part of the church and covenant by birth and were entitled to baptism. Boys interested in the ministry were often sent to colleges such as Harvard (founded in 1636) or Yale (founded in 1707). He criticized the Puritan clergy's practice of meeting regularly for consultation, seeing in this a drift toward Presbyterianism. , During the reign of James I, some Puritans were no longer willing to wait for further church reforms. They also did not observe personal annual holidays, such as birthdays or anniversaries. The Pilgrims and Puritans came to America to practice religious freedom. In Massachusetts, the law gave slaves "all the liberties and Christian usages which the law of God established in Israel doth morally require". They did, however, celebrate special occasions such as military victories, harvests, ordinations, weddings, and births. He was immediately invited to become the teacher at the Boston church, but he refused the invitation on the grounds that the congregation had not separated from the Church of England.  The Lord's Supper, however, was reserved to full members only. Due to the Puritan belief that female bodies "lacked the strength and vitality" compared to male bodies, females were more susceptible to make a choice to enter a covenant with Satan as their fragile bodies could not protect their souls. That century can be broken down into three parts: the generation of John Cotton and Richard Mather, 1630–62 from the founding to the Restoration, years of virtual independence and nearly autonomous development; the generation of Increase Mather, 1662–89 from the Restoration and the Halfway Covenant to the Glorious Revolution, years of struggle with the British crown; and the generation of Cotton Mather, 1689–1728 from the overthrow of Edmund Andros (in which Cotton Mather played a part) and the new charter, mediated by Increase Mather, to the death of Cotton Mather.
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