power and authority in organisational behaviour
power and authority in organisational behaviour
Those who feel uncomfortable with power send those signals out unconsciously. Referent power is often called charisma—the ability to attract others, win their admiration, and hold them spellbound. We will focus on nine influence tactics. Without leadership (power) in medical, political, technological, financial, spiritual and organisational activities, humankind would not have the standard of living as it does today. The person who Researchers identified six sources of power, which include legitimate, reward, coercive, expert, information, and referent. 3. Having power and using power are two different things. When studying the role of power in organizational behavior, personal power is clearly delineated from other types of power because it has its own characteristics. Experts tend to have a vast amount of knowledge or skill, whereas information power is distinguished by access to specific information. That kind of impression management may help to achieve group cohesiveness and meet professional expectations. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:ObamaSouthCarolina.jpg. Many of these firms utilize a flat or matrix structure in which clear lines of legitimate power become blurred as everyone communicates with everyone else regardless of position. What are the sources of one’s power over others? For example, imagine a manager who has the power to reward or punish employees. Conformity manifests itself in several ways, and research shows that individuals will defer to a group even when they may know that what they are doing is inaccurate or unethical. If you watch someone who is good at influencing others, you will most probably observe that person switching tactics depending on the context. Organisational Behaviour & Analysis - Power and Authority. Extraverts tend to engage in a greater use of self-promotion tactics while interviewing, and research shows that extraverts are more likely to use inspirational appeal and ingratiation as influence tactics. They watch your behavior and draw conclusions about the kind of person you are, whether you’ll keep your word, whether you’ll stay to finish a task, and how you’ll react in a difficult situation. Organizational behavior refers to the targeted study of the various interactions that occur within a specified organizational setting, in relation to its applicability to a wider set of standards that may be applied to such structures. For example, ingratiation and rationality were used frequently by fire fighters during interviews. Power is a personal trait derived from knowledge and expertise, while authority is a formal title or position given by an organization or another personal. The more tactics you have at your disposal, the more likely it is that you will achieve your influence goals. Other research establishes that subordinates’ use of rationality, assertiveness, and reciprocal exchange was related to more favorable outcomes such as promotions and raises, while self-promotion led to more negative outcomes. For example, he recommends that in order to get others to like you, you should remember six things: This book relates to power and politics in a number of important ways. You can use a variety of impression management strategies to accomplish the outcomes you want. 0 = never, 1= sometimes, 2 = always. Research shows that structured interviews suffer from less impression management bias than unstructured interviews, and that longer interviews lead to a lessening of the effects as well. American presidents have been known to use coercion power. If you want to be seen as a caring person in whom people can confide, you might disclose that you’re a volunteer on a crisis helpline. The CEO’s salary was capped at $75,000 to maintain the sense of equity. Figure 13.8 Dale Carnegie Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Picturecarnegie.jpg. Research conducted within large savings banks shows that managers can learn to be more effective at influence attempts. How to Make Friends and Influence People was written by Dale Carnegie in 1936 and has sold millions of copies worldwide. His ability to appoint individuals to cabinet positions affords him reward power. Parents may also use coercion such as grounding their child as punishment for noncompliance. Research shows that across all functional groups of executives, finance or human resources as an example, rational persuasion is the most frequently used influence tactic. Figure 13.6 As the 44th elected president of the United States, Barack Obama has legitimate power. Then, during a time when you do need to take unilateral, decisive action, others will be more likely to give you the benefit of the doubt and follow. Another aspect of the study of the role of power in organizational behavior is the study of legitimate power within the organization. What Are the Different Types of Organizational Behavior Theory? Power is the ability to influence the behavior of others to get what you want. That way, everyone had a stake in the company. Organizational Charts Authority relationships (superior-subordinate relationships) can be shown in the organization charts. This can be the difference between being seen as political versus understanding politics. Why or why not? Upward influence, as its name implies, is the ability to influence your boss and others in positions higher than yours. Experts know that leaders need to feel comfortable with power. Referent Power (Personal) Referent power doesn’t necessarily mean a person has positional power … For example, a boss can assign projects, a policeman can arrest a citizen, and a teacher assigns grades. In the TV show Mad Men, which is set in the 1960s, it is clear that the switchboard operators have a great deal of information power as they place all calls and are able to listen in on all the phone conversations within the advertising firm. Power and authority are both methods of influencing other people. Power and authority are both methods of influencing other people. Talk in terms of the other person’s interests. Influence attempts may be upward, downward, or lateral in nature. This ability can be based on a number of factors, such as knowledge, personality, and even on authority. For example, you would probably use different influence tactics with your boss than you would with a peer or with employees working under you. If you scored 0–6: You do not engage in much effective influencing behavior. An inspiring vision builds buy-in and gets people moving in the same direction. Summary of Power and Authority. While this book first appeared over 70 years ago, the recommendations still make a great deal of sense regarding power and influence in modern-day organizations. Legitimate power is power that comes from one’s organizational role or position. Think of ways to enhance this skill. Module. Are you comfortable saying, “I want to be powerful” to someone else? But Gore, for example, does not stop there. Which do you use the least of at this time? Authority is legitimate and formal, while power is … When the manager makes a request, he or she will probably be obeyed even though the manager does not actually reward the employee. Even subordinates have power over their superiors, if they can influence their behavior. Let us take a look at each of these in turn, and continue with Steve Jobs from the opening case as our example. Responses to influence attempts include resistance, compliance, or commitment. Brunel University London. President Lyndon Baines Johnson once told a White House staffer, “Just you remember this. Power, on the other hand, encompasses both the authority and leadership ability, but the nature of authority is more personal than organizational. Conformity manifests itself in several ways, and research shows that individuals will defer to a group even when they may know that what they are doing is inaccurate or unethical. ADVERTISEMENTS: In understanding die dynamics of organizational behaviour, both power and authority are important. If you feel uncomfortable with power, consider putting the statement in a shared positive light by saying, “I want to be powerful so that we can accomplish this goal.”.
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