gender pay gap europe
gender pay gap europe
2 aggregate B to N). "The pandemic has exacerbated these structural gender inequalities and the risk of poverty," the Commission said. The gender pay gap also differs by industry, and in 2017 was higher in the private sector than in the public sector in the majority of EU countries. Equal pay is regulated by an EU directive but the European Parliament has repeatedly asked for its revision and for further measures. A woman doing the same job as a man is still getting 14.1% less money for it, a small improvement on the 14.5% last year. Women hold only 33% of managerial positions in the EU. Mediacorp Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. Calculated this way, the gender pay gap does not take into account all the different factors that may play a role, for example education, hours worked, type of job, career breaks or part-time work. High gaps tend to be related to a high proportion of women working part time or being concentrated in a restricted number of professions. This might be due to the fact that within the public sector, in most countries, employees are protected by collective pay agreements and other similar contracts establishing pay. For the economy as a whole, in 2018, women's gross hourly earnings were on average 14.8 % below those of men in the European Union (EU-27) and 15.9 % in the euro area (EA-19). Find out the latest news on European social policies. Only companies of ten or more employees are taken into account in the calculations. © 2020 European Institute for Gender Equality, Making equality between women and men a reality for all Europeans and beyond, Economic Benefits of Gender Equality in the EU, Step-by-step guide to Gender Equality Training, 2. Interpreting the numbers is not as simple as it seems, as a smaller gender pay gap in a specific country does not necessarily mean more gender equality. It is also interesting to note the economic sectors for which a significant number of Member States recorded negative gender gaps. Promoting vocational training and lifelong learning for women, in particular greater promotion of entrepreneurship and STEM subjects and digital education for girls from an early age. REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes. Eurostat computed the gender pay gap for these years on this basis. Women thus work 51 days more to … Clear targets for EU countries to reduce the gender pay gap over the next five years. For the intermediate years (2011-2013) countries provide to Eurostat gender pay gap estimates benchmarked on the SES results. Across Member States, the gender pay gap varied by 19.7 percentage points, ranging from 3.0 % in Romania to 22.7 % in Estonia (Figure 1). The SES is carried out with a four-yearly periodicity. It said adequate minimum wages, for which the Commission has proposed common EU rules, could help, because more women than men earn a minimum wage. So, women do not only earn less per hour, but they also do fewer hours of paid work and fewer women are employed in the workforce than men. That means that the average gross hourly earnings of female employees are 16.3 % below … Step 6: What comes after the Gender Equality Plan? A part of the difference in earnings of men and women can be explained by differences in the average characteristics of male and female employees. Underpinning the processes with an outcome-focused approach, Principle 5. This is not acceptable, we must accelerate and reduce this pay gap to zero," it said. This page was last modified on 6 March 2020, at 10:14. It was laid down in the original Treaty, and brought into practice by several directives. Examples of gender-sensitive practices in parliaments, Women and men have equal opportunities to ENTER the parliament, Women and men have equal opportunities to INFLUENCE the parliament’s working procedures, Women’s interests and concerns have adequate SPACE on parliamentary agenda, The parliament produces gender-sensitive LEGISLATION, The parliament complies with its SYMBOLIC function, Gender budgeting in women’s and men’s lived realities. 2, Summaries of EU Legislation: Statistics on earnings and labour costs, European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Gender_pay_gap_statistics&oldid=472918. "Women are over-represented in frontline low-paid jobs providing the most basic and essential community services. The gender pay gap might increase with age as a result of the career interruptions women experience during their working life, particularly older women unable to benefit from specific equality measures which did not yet exist when they started to work. Progress has been made, but inequality between men and women persists, including on the labour market. Practical tools and Member State examples, Tool 1: Connecting the EU Funds with the EU’s regulatory framework on gender equality, Legislative and regulatory basis for EU policies on gender equality, Concrete requirements for considering gender equality within the EU Funds, Tool 2: Analysing gender inequalities and gender needs at the national and sub-national levels, Steps to assess and analyse gender inequalities and needs, Step 1. A lower gender pay gap often occurs in coun… Also the Court of Justice’s case law has boosted its importance. Creating accountability and strengthening commitment, 10. Pay gaps can also be analysed from the perspective of part-time or full-time employment. "The pandemic has exacerbated these structural gender inequalities and the risk of poverty," the Commission said. Alignment with partnership agreements’ and Operational Programmes’ gender objectives and indicators, Step 2. Integrate initiatives to broader strategy, 7. A narrower gender pay gap does not necessarily mean more gender equality. In total, women have more work hours per week than men do. It is calculated for enterprises with 10 or more employees. Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles. The most recent reference years available for the SES are 2010 and 2014. The Commission said the smaller pay for women was the result of inequalities throughout life as women enter the labour market and progress in careers while trying to balance work and family. The Commission is to propose binding measures on pay transparency in the next few weeks. Direct access to language menu (press "Enter"), Direct access to search menu (press "Enter"), Gender pay gap in Europe: facts and figures (infographic), The gender pay gap is the difference in average wages between men and women. How gender-sensitive are parliaments in the EU? 2 aggregate B to N). Our global editorial team of about 55 journalists and more than 350 freelancers covers the lives of people around the world who struggle to live freely or fairly. Find out how this gender pay gap is calculated and the reasons behind it. Women thus work 51 days more to earn the same as their male colleagues," the Commission said in a statement. Assessments show that reducing the gender pay gap by one percentage point would increase the gross domestic product by 0.1%. A high pay gap may indicate that women are more concentrated in low-paid sectors or that a significant proportion of them work part-time. They still earn on average 86 cents for every euro a man earns across Europe. "Women are not equally valued for their work. Today, his cake business is thriving, Britain resurrects lesbian pirates as world recasts statues, UNICEF says to ship 2 billion COVID-19 vaccines to poor nations in 2021. What is the gender pay gap? "Women are not equally valued for their work. Adequate provisions for older women such as credits for care periods, adequate minimum pensions and survivor’s benefits.
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