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application of biotechnology in medicine upsc

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application of biotechnology in medicine upsc

Although genetically engineered organisms in agriculture have been available for several years, their commercial use has extended rapidly. The commonly used enzymes for this purpose are oxidoreductases, polyphenol oxidases, peroxidases, and amine oxidases. Above Village Hyper Market, Chandralyout Main Road, Use of sea resources marine and freshwater organisms to create products and industrial applications. Biotechnology has vital role in highly advanced and technically evolving period of human history and it gives promising results. Insertion of foreign genes into bacterium (Source: Bryce, 2004). adsorption of enzymes by van der Waals forces, ionic bonding or covalent bonding. Fresher produce: Genetic engineering can result in improved keeping properties to make transport of fresh produce easier, giving consumers access to nutritionally valuable whole foods and preventing decay, damage, and loss of nutrients. The materials used in biosensors are categorized into three groups based on their mechanisms: Some of the popular fields implementing the use of biosensors are food industry to keep a check on its quality and safety, to help distinguish between the natural and artificial; in the fermentation industry and in the saccharification process to detect precise glucose concentrations; in metabolic engineering to enable in vivo monitoring of cellular metabolism. Recombinant gene technology, the best-known modern biotechnology, is broadly used in research and development for strain improvement. Improvements in food processing: Biotechnology considerably enhance the quality of food. Blue Biotechnology. Biotechnology is distinguished and developing sciences in modern scientific world. Though they did not have any scientific explanation for the processes, but they applied these techniques to get positive results such as food matures in a way that changes its taste and content, and makes it less consumable. The applications of biotechnology include diagnostics, therapeutics and genetically modified crops for processed food, agriculture, bioremediation, energy production and waste treatment. A microbial biosensor is a biosensor that uses microorganisms which consists of numerous enzymes as the bioelements. To understand more about the processes of inheritance and gene expression. Genetically modified microbial cultures are used in the production of enzymes and various food-processing ingredients such as monosodium glutamate, polyunsaturated fatty acids and amino acids. It has changed the face of the medical field. Technologies applied in the processing of food must assure the quality and safety of the final product. In fact, the genetic material of any living organism controls all the activities and products of that organism, therefore by bringing the required change in the genetic material, biotechnologist can make that living organism work exactly in the desired way and produce exactly the desired product. Current Affairs Magazine. The use of technology to modify the genomes of viruses, bacteria, and other cells for medical or industrial purposes is called genetic engineering. 6) Discuss the diverse applications of Biotechnology in India and analyse its growth potential with reference to initiatives taken by the government in this direction. The process of this reproduction is well understood by having good knowledge of embryology. Pharmacogenomics is principally the study of genetics and pharmaceuticals. Some of the principal areas of application in the medicinal field include pharmacogenomics, drug production, genetic testing and genetic therapy. Biosensors are analytical devices that convert a biological response into an electrical signal.

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