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100 philosophers list

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100 philosophers list

David Hume was a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist. I E O Plato’s logic explored justice, beauty, and equality, and contained discussions in aesthetics, politics, language, and cosmology—the science of the origin and development of the universe. Her best-known publication, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, is considered the first great feminist treatise. This is a list of philosophers from the Western tradition of philosophy. He went on to establish the Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions of higher learning in the Western world. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. Further, he believes that we can know the natural, observable world, but we cannot have answers to many of the deepest questions of metaphysics. His best-known work, Critique of Pure Reason, determines the limits and scope of metaphysics, combining reason with experience that moves beyond that of traditional philosophy. Below are some of the most influential philosophers, their schools of thought, and what we can learn from their forward-thinking approach. Yes, it is complicated stuff, it is nothing but the study of general and fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. He was known for his influential system of philosophical empiricism, scepticism, and naturalism. Scarlett Johansson – Hottest Photos, Kids, Boyfriends Tattoos & Their Meaning. His social philosophy was based on the principle of ren—loving others—and he believed this could be achieved using the Golden Rule: “What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others.”. The term “philosophy” derives from the Greek word philosophia which translates to a “love of wisdom,” coined by pre-Socratic thinkers such as Pythagoras in the 6th century B.C. You must have heard or read dozens of beautiful and intellectual quotes which were actually originated by the greatest philosophers. Sold for $780 via Swann Auction Galleries (March 2017). N Aristotle focused on a posteriori routes of knowledge, a term popularized by Immanuel Kant where conclusions are formed based on actual observation and data. Philosophers He was a Greek Philosophers and the founder of the Lyceum and the Peripatetic school of philosophy and Aristotelian tradition. W He was a priori, a rational philosopher who sought knowledge logically rather than from the senses. He emphasized the idea that the more a person knows, the greater his or her ability to reason and make choices that will bring true happiness. R He has been called the father of analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry—used in the discovery of infinitesimal calculus and analysis. After a few years of his death, his teachings were compiled in the Analects. These ancient Greek philosophers were influential in laying the foundations for the modern world; searching for meaning in everyday life and shaping their musings into a system of thoughts documented in books and manuscripts, letters, plays, and other media. He is reported to have written over 300 works on various subjects but the majority of his works are lost. La Morale de Confucius. Do humans have free will? Plato’s dialogues are among the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity, from which Socrates has become renowned for his contributions to the fields of ethics and epistemology. He produced thousands of letters, books, pamphlets, essays, plays, among other forms of writing, most of which were centered on religion and politics. © 2020 - The Live Mirror. He is also considered to be the first moral philosopher belonging to the Western ethical tradition of thought. Kant was one of the foremost thinkers of the Enlightenment, and a large part of his work addresses the question, “What can we know?” Kant argued that we can only have knowledge of things that are possible to experience. He is also the namesake of Platonic love and the Platonic solids. He lived 20-years of his life in the Dutch Republic after service for a while in the Dutch States Army of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange and the Stadtholder of the United Provinces. His logic later influenced philosophers like Voltaire and Rousseau. The alphabetical list of philosophers is so large it had to be broken up into several pages. X Aristotle is known for solving many philosophies which were existed prior to him. Pherecydes of Syros (c. 620 – c. 550 BCE). S Here Are Top 25 Greatest Philosophers Who Ever Lived, 25 Exotic Animals You Did Not Know Were Legal To Own, Scarlett Johansson – Hottest Photos, Kids, Boyfriends Tattoos & Their Meaning, structures experience, with all human experience sharing certain structural features. This list may not reflect recent changes (). TheLiveMirror - Trending Content and Viral News, Greatest Philosophers of all time: Philosophy has undoubtedly played a pivotal role in shaping the world. Socrates was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher, who has a credit to be one of the founders of Western philosophy. Owing to outstanding philosophy, he has exerted a unique influence on almost every form of knowledge in the West and it continues to be a subject of contemporary philosophical discussion. To find philosophers by core area, field, major philosophical tradition, ethnicity, or time periods, see the subheadings further below. Russian-American author and philosopher Ayn Rand rejected collectivist values in favor of individual self-interest, an ideal evident in her first novel We the Living. Kant published various important works on ethics, religion, law, aesthetics, astronomy, and history. Kant was a German philosopher, who is known for arguing that space, time, and causation are mere sensibilities; “things-in-themselves” exist, but their nature is unknowable. Sold for €160 via Bubb Kuyper (May 2016). C John Locke was an English physician and philosopher. If you liked this article, do not forget to share with your FRIENDS. He led the principle to refuse belief in anything that is not tangible, such as god. She published countless works, both fiction and nonfiction, often having existentialist themes. Sold for $1,300 via Swann Auction Galleries (May 2018). Confucius, also referred to as Kong Qui or K’ung Fu-tzu, was a Chinese philosopher, teacher, and political figure largely considered the father of the Eastern style of thought. He is said to have taught Plato and Xenophon. Besides physics, Descartes largely contributed to science and mathematics as well. Yes, there are scores of greatest philosophers whose quotes we still refer to make people understand plenty of things. He was the founder of the Stoic school of philosophy. The list of the greatest philosophers is incomplete without Aristotle. The list stops at the year 1950, after which philosophers fall into the category of contemporary philosophy . Here are 10 Greatest Philosophers who ever lived 1. Wollstonecraft was an fierce advocate for women’s rights, arguing that women deserve the same fundamental rights as men and should have an education commensurate with their position in society. (previous page) () T He also propagated a religious doctrine that taught the experience of God through the heart rather than through reason, contrary to the beliefs of French philosopher René Descartes. Sold for €180 via Forum Auctions (June 2015). Pages in category "English philosophers" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 259 total. Y Sold for $2,125 via Swann Auction Galleries (April 2015). R To look up a philosopher you know the name of, click on the first letter of their last name. U Q Even in the 21st century, his teachings and philosophy greatly impacted people around the world and remains influential today. Believed that all was made of water. B J Dante was a Medieval Italian poet and moral philosopher regarded as the father of the modern Italian language. If we look at the philosophical questions which read, Is it possible to know anything and to prove it? contemporary philosophy, especially in the fields of epistemology, ethics, political theory, and post-modern aesthetics. P Philosophy can be described as the rational, abstract, and methodical consideration of reality. Get the quick low-down on Plato, Kant, Confucius, and 17 more of history's greatest thinkers and philosophers, with a rapid-fire look at their major contributions, famous ideas, and … P Without any further delay, let’s take a look. Speaking about the life he had once said, “no matter what happens, enjoy life, because you only get one and it doesn’t last long.”, He believed that “It is impossible to live wisely and well and justly without living a pleasant life.”, Durgamati Trailer: Bhumi Pednekar Looks Fierce In The Spooky…, Shona Shona: Sidharth Shukla & Shehnaaz Gill’s….

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